U.S. GDP - Statistics & Facts

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is an economic indicator that measures a country’s production within a given amount of time. The GDP includes all goods and services produced in a country regardless of their purpose. It aggregates all private and public consumption, investment, government outlays and net exports. Usually calculated on an annual basis, the GDP is one of the most commonly used indicators of economic activity. While GDP is a good measure of the absolute size of a country's economy and economic activity, it does account for many other factors, making it a poor indicator for measuring the cost or standard of living in a country, or for making cross-country comparisons.

Measures of GDP and National Income

A concept often used to make GDP comparable across countries is the GDP per capita, which is derived by simply dividing the GDP by the number of residents in a country. GDP per capita is often used as an indicator for a country’s standard of living although this is not necessarily an accurate measure. This is because fails to account for domestic inflation rates, and differences in the cost of living across countries. A better method for comparing living standards across countries is GDP per capita at purchasing power parity which is adjusted for cost of living, unlike GDP per capita.

A concept closely related to the GDP is the Gross National Product (GNP) (also known as Gross National Income (GNI)). In contrast to the GDP, which measures production on a geographic basis, the GNP is calculated based on ownership. Thus, the production valuce of a factory in China that is owned by an American company would be included in the GNP of the USA and in the GDP of China. GNP used to be the official measure of production in the U.S. but was been replaced by the GDP in 1991.

International Context

The United States remains the largest economy in the world with a Gross Domestic Product of more than 22 trillion U.S. dollars. It is expected though that, given China’s GDP growth rates, the GDP of China will eventually outgrow the U.S. GDP within the next couple of years.

Ranking countries based on per capita GDP rather than economic size yields an entirely different result: In 2021, the three countries with the highest per capita GDP were Luxemburg, Ireland, and Switzerland. The United States of America was ranked 6th behind countries as small as Norway and Singapore. Meanwhile large, fast growing economies like India, Brazil and China are nowhere to be found in the Top 20.

Interesting statistics

In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the 26 most important statistics relating to "GDP of the United States".

Contact

Get in touch with us. We are happy to help.
Statista Locations
Contact Vayola Jocelyn
Vayola Jocelyn
Client Support Specialist– Contact (United States)

Mon - Fri, 9am - 6pm (EST)

Contact Ziyan Zhang
Ziyan Zhang
Customer Relations– Contact (Asia)

Mon - Fri, 11:30am - 10pm (IST)

Contact Kisara Mizuno
Kisara Mizuno
Customer Success Manager– Contact (Asia)

Mon - Fri, 9:30am - 5:30pm (JST)

Contact Lodovica Biagi
Lodovica Biagi
Director of Operations– Contact (Europe)

Mon - Fri, 9:30am - 5pm (GMT)

Contact Carolina Dulin
Carolina Dulin
Associate Director - LAC– Contact (Latin America)

Mon - Fri, 9am - 6pm (EST)